Tennis elbow, also known as lateral epicondylitis, is a common overuse injury that affects the tendons and muscles in the elbow and forearm. It is characterized by pain and tenderness on the outside of the elbow, and is often caused by repetitive stress and strain on the elbow joint.
The most common cause of tennis elbow is playing tennis, hence the name. However, it can also be caused by other activities that involve repetitive arm and wrist movements, such as typing, painting, or even lifting weights.
Symptoms of tennis elbow include pain and tenderness on the outside of the elbow, weakness in the wrist and hand, and a decrease in grip strength. The pain may radiate down the arm and into the wrist and hand.
Treatment for tennis elbow typically begins with non-surgical methods, such as rest, ice, and physical therapy. Over-the-counter pain medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can also be helpful in managing the pain. In severe cases, a corticosteroid injection may be recommended to reduce inflammation and pain.
If non-surgical treatments do not provide relief, surgery may be necessary. The surgical procedure involves removing damaged tissue and/or repairing the tendons in the elbow.
Preventing tennis elbow involves intensity modification and addressing deficits in the involved arm through a rehabilitation programme, using proper technique, and using the correct equipment. Wearing a wrist splint or elbow brace can also help to reduce strain on the elbow joint.
If you are experiencing pain and tenderness on the outside of your elbow, it is important to see a healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. With the right treatment and preventative measures, tennis elbow can be effectively managed and the pain can be relieved.